Code Of Practice

Code of Practice Support

The NSW Greyhound Code of Practice sets out standards on how industry participants should behave. The Code is enforced by the Greyhound Welfare and Integrity Commission. Good greyhound welfare is critical to a sustainable and vibrant industry. Compliance to the Code demonstrates your commitment to greyhound welfare and our long-standing sport. Here we help explain principles of animal welfare and why the standards in the Code promote positive greyhound welfare.

The Code is shaped by the Five Domains  model of animal welfare. This approach considers how an animal can cope in its environment and takes into account that mental wellbeing also affects overall welfare. Historically, many animal laws and regulations were based on the Five Freedoms . However, it’s clear that it is not enough to ensure that an animal is free from negative states such as pain, discomfort, hunger, thirst and fear. Beyond these basic needs, we know a confident and healthy greyhound also needs be able to explore and play, be curious and comfortable in its surroundings and have positive interactions with people and other dogs. In short, greyhounds need to be “Fit and feeling good.”

 

 

 

 

What is good welfare?

The Five Domains Model of Animal Welfare

The NSW Greyhound Code of Practice was developed with reference to the five domains of animal welfare, which provide a recognised framework for assessing an animal’s wellbeing. We can understand animal welfare by using the Five Domains Model.[1] This is a comprehensive and systematic way of identifying both positive and negative welfare impacts on an animal. Factors considered in the four domains – nutrition, environment, health and behaviour cause affective (feeling) states which are assessed in the fifth domain – mental state. The aim is to achieve a net balance that favours positive experiences to enable all greyhounds the best possible life.

A simple example:

If the temperature (domain 2 - environment) is over 30 degrees and a greyhound has no access to shade or a cooler spot to rest, he may suffer heat stress (domain 3 – health) and distress (domain 5 - mental state). This is a negative welfare state. If a greyhound is provided shelter, shade and a cool water, he is able to cool down and is comfortable (domain 5 - mental state).

That is why Standard 5.11 in the Code stipulates: While in outdoor yards and other enclosures, greyhounds must have access to shelter from rain, sun and extreme temperatures.

If you need assistance with the NSW Greyhound Code of Practice you can call GRNSW Welfare and Education toll-free on 1800 795 585 or email the team on education@grnsw.com.au.

[1] Based on the work of David J. Mellor and Ngaio J. Beausoleil (2015)

 

 

Domain Factors set out in Code

Domain

Factors

Code of Practice

Industry Practice Guide

1

Nutrition

Availability of quality feed and water.

Pt 2 Objective

To ensure that every greyhound receives the food and water needed for optimal development, health and wellbeing.

Pt 6

To ensure that greyhounds are transported in a safe and secure manner that provides for their wellbeing.

1.0 Greyhound Nutrition and Diet

2

Environment

Atmospheric and environmental conditions.

Pt 5 Objective

To ensure that every greyhound is provided with housing that provides adequate space, shelter and comfort, having regard to the greyhound’s age, size and behavioural needs.

Pt 6

To ensure that greyhounds are transported in a safe and secure manner that provides for their wellbeing.

2.1 Planning for Emergencies

17.0 Whelping boxes

15.0 Fencing and barriers to escape

3

Health

Presence or absence of disease or injury

Pt 4 Objective Breeding

Objective: To ensure that greyhounds are bred in a safe and responsible manner, resulting in healthy greyhounds and puppies.

3.1 When to take your greyhounds to the vet

4.1 Vaccinating your greyhound

5.0 Worm and parasite prevention

6.0 Greyhound dental health

7.0 Maintaining your greyhounds toenails

9.0 Effective biosecurity procedures

13.1 Greyhound breeding: heritable diseases

16.0 Greyhound euthanasia

4

Behaviour

Restriction or expression of behaviour

Objective Pt 7

To ensure that every greyhounds is provided with adequate exercise, socialisation and enrichment to provide for its wellbeing.

8.1 Shaping a confident greyhound 12.1 The benefits of early socialisation

5

Mental State

Positive

Negative

Pt 8 To ensure that the welfare of greyhounds is protected in greyhound training, trialling and racing

 

Satiety

Hunger/thirst

Pt 6

To ensure that greyhounds are transported in a safe and secure manner that provides for their wellbeing.

 

Comfort

Overheated/chilled

Pt 6

To ensure that greyhounds are transported in a safe and secure manner that provides for their wellbeing.

 

Health/illness

Pain/weakness/loss of normal function

 

16.0 Greyhound euthanasia

Calmness

Exhaustion

 

 

Playfulness

Boredom

 

 

Security

Frustration/anxiety

 

11.1 Muzzling of greyhounds

8.1 Shaping a confident greyhound

Confidence

Fear

 

12.1 The benefits of early socialisation

Engagement

Loneliness/learned helplessness

 

 

 

Standards pertaining to industry compliance

Factors

Code of Practice

Industry Practice Guide

Purpose, Objectives, Application Enforcement, breaches and offence provisions of the Code.

Pt 1

The objectives of the Code are to protect and promote the wellbeing of greyhounds kept by greyhound racing industry participants in NSW and to provide a clear set of standards that are recognised and accepted by the industry and its participants.

1.0 Greyhound Nutrition and Diet

9.0 Rehoming Greyhounds as Companion Animals

16.0 Greyhound euthanasia

14.1 Code of Practice interpretation